The Paleo or Caveman diet has become hugely popular in recent years, with its fans saying they have become leaner, stronger and more energetic by eating just like our caveman ancestors.

The Paleo diet consists chiefly of meat, fish, vegetables and fruit, and excludes dairy or grain products and processed food. Apart from weight loss and increased energy, Paleo eaters are said to also enjoy benefits like an improved immune system, better digestion, nutrition absorption and gut health, less allergies and less inflammation.

Curious to try it out for yourself? Here are ten tips to get your started, adapted from Paleoleap.com.

  1. Your Paleo diet should be high in fat, moderate in animal protein and low to moderate in carbohydrates. 

  2. Eat generous amounts of saturated fats like coconut oil and butter. Olive, avocado and macadamia oil are also good fats to use in salads and to drizzle over food, but not for cooking.

  3. Eat good amounts of animal protein. Don’t be afraid to eat fatty cuts of meat.

  4. Eat generous amounts of fresh or frozen vegetables. Starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes and yams are also great as a source of carbohydrates.

  5. Eat low to moderate amounts of fruits and nuts. Try to eat mostly fruits low in sugar and high in antioxidants as well as nuts high in omega-3, low in omega-6 and low in total polyunsaturated fat like macadamia nuts.

  6. Preferably choose pasture-raised and grass-fed meat. If not possible, choose lean cuts of meat and supplement your fat with coconut oil or butter.

  7. Cut out all cereal grains and legumes from your diet.

  8. Cut out all vegetable, hydrogenated and partly-hydrogenated oils including margarine, soybean oil, corn oil, peanut oil, canola oil, safflower oil and sunflower oil.

  9. Eliminate added sugar, soft drinks, all packaged sweets and juices.

  10. Eliminate dairy products other than butter and maybe heavy cream. 

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- Joanna Kang